Recent Submissions

  • Open future in eternalist universe 

    Schimanski, Roland (Tartu Ülikool, 2019)
    In this thesis, will take up the question of open future in eternalist universe. At first glance, eternalism seems to exclude the possibility of open future, since all temporal locations exist on a par, and ...
  • The discrepancy between free will and moral responsibility 

    Iugai, Viktoriia (Tartu Ülikool, 2019)
    Two radical views on free will (compatibilism and libertarianism) that share the claim that free will exists are discussed in this thesis. Both theories share a positive definition of freedom and describe moral responsibility ...
  • Against epistemic partiality in friendship 

    Ametefio, Saviour De-Graft (Tartu Ülikool, 2019)
    In conclusion, I have argued that epistemic partiality undermines friendship if we accept that friendship in a stricter sense is based on character. The argument I have present give two justification for that. The first ...
  • Perception, abductive methodology and compositional universalism 

    Kiani, Amirhossein (Tartu Ülikool, 2019)
    In this thesis I will argue for compositional universalism, according to which, any plurality of objects composes an object. In the first part of the thesis I will argue that if ordinary objects—the ones that are typically ...
  • Saying beyond phenomenology: Levinas's response to Derrida 

    Correas, Jose Cañete (Tartu Ülikool, 2019)
    This thesis presents a study of Emmanuel Levinas’s Otherwise than Being or Beyond Essence as a response to the main philosophical problems and criticism that Jacques Derrida presents to Emmanuel Levinas’s earlier philosophy ...
  • A comparative approach to tax exemption: differences between hospitals and religious institutions 

    Wehbe, Wael (Tartu Ülikool, 2019)
    I study the position of religious institutions in matters of exemptions from paying taxes, the position is that religious institutions must be exempted from paying taxes in much of the same manner to hospitals since they ...
  • Valuing health: against the ethical view 

    Zameska, Jay (Tartu Ülikool, 2019)
    Health is often valued by its contribution to well-being. The most common way to establish values for health states is through eliciting a sample population’s preferences among states. The evidential view supports ...
  • On the implausibility of slow-switching arguments in establishing incompatibility thesis 

    Rajavel, Arunkumar (Tartu Ülikool, 2019)
    Philosophers who argue that content externalism is incompatible with authoritative self-knowledge usually employ one of the two arguments namely the slow-switching argument and the reductio ad absurdum. Of these I focus ...
  • A classical degree-theoretic treatment of the sorites paradox : master's thesis in philosophy 

    Yau, Ching Hei (Tartu Ülikool, 2019)
    Since 1970s, degree-of-truth theory has been proposed as a solution to the Sorites paradox. However, one perennial attack to degree-of-truth theory is that its logic - fuzzy logic - is non-classical. Inspired by Gödel ...
  • Filosoofiliste teoste tõlked eesti keelde ja nende retseptsioon 1944. aastani 

    Tekku, Pille (Tartu Ülikool, 2018-08)
    Vaatlesin käesolevas magistritöös eraldi trükisena ilmunud filosoofiliste teoste tõlkeid ja nende retseptsiooni kuni 1944. aastani ning tõlgete retseptsiooni kaudu nende mõju eestikeelse filosoofia ning Eesti kultuurilis ...
  • Does an argument for a detached school contain an incoherence? 

    Rozumna, Viktoriia (Tartu Ülikool, 2018)
    In this thesis, I argue that Levinson’s argument for a detached school is inconsistent in the sense that the solution to the problem of cultural coherence of a child’s identity violates the function of a detached school. ...
  • On Separation of State from Taxes 

    Sazonov, Sergei (Tartu Ülikool, 2018)
    The work argues for a conceptual possibility of the view, according to which the state is justified but taxation is unjustified. The argument is constructed through the defense of two following claims: (1) There is an ...
  • Philosophical alternatives to populism 

    Vera, Roberto (Tartu Ülikool, 2018)
    This thesis supports Jan-Werner Müller’s claim that populism is an inescapable consequence of representative democracy. While it is true that populism cannot be detached from this form of government, I will argue that ...
  • Can Computers be Creative? 

    Keenan, Patrick (Tartu Ülikool, 2018)
    It is sometimes claimed that computer automation of work will free people up to be more creative and that being creative is a way to add value to one’s life. However, if computers themselves become creative, then this ...
  • Two problems surrounding the universality of human rights 

    Veyrat, Pablo (Tartu Ülikool, 2018)
    This thesis points at two main issues in the concept of the universality of human rights. First, the obstacles it poses to the notions of the sovereign and the political as defined by Carl Schmitt. Second, the paradox ...
  • Contrastive evaluation of explanations in studies of scientific knowledge 

    Salkim, Mert (Tartu Ülikool, 2018)
    In order to explain scientific practices, a study of science must organize its method of explanation. Symmetry requirement in the sociology of scientific knowledge demanded that explaining why scientists conclude their ...
  • Neoliberalism majanduseliidi võimu kindlustava ideoloogiana : magistritöö 

    Hallasoo, Märt (Tartu Ülikool, 2018)
    This thesis focuses on neoliberalism being an ideology enhancing the power of the economic elite. Neoliberal ideology focuses on free market, individual liberties and reducing the state. The effects of reforms guided by ...
  • Reversible and irreversible whorfian effects as empirical evidence for the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis 

    Grigorev, Maksim (Tartu Ülikool, 2018)
    This thesis is aimed on research of two different types of empirical evidence for the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis: reversible and irreversible Whorfian effects. Definition of reversible Whorfian effects and their properties ...
  • Feminist perspectives on cybersex 

    Babash, Anastasiia (Tartu Ülikool, 2018)
    In my thesis, I am arguing that cybersex does bring real and actual benefits to some individual women in terms of expansion of their sexual autonomy, but these benefits (for the moment at least) affect only some individual ...
  • A defence of the existence of emotions in birds 

    York, Kyle (Tartu Ülikool, 2018)
    This thesis demonstrates that (at least some) birds can feel emotions. First, it gives a methodological justification for how one can make such attributions in the first place. Then supplies behavioral and physiological ...

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