dc.contributor.advisor Kalmus, Veronika, juhendaja dc.contributor.author Meiesaar, Margit dc.contributor.other Tartu Ülikool. Sotsiaal- ja haridusteaduskond et dc.contributor.other Tartu Ülikool. Ajakirjanduse ja kommunikatsiooni instituut et dc.date.accessioned 2010-09-28T12:05:40Z dc.date.available 2010-09-28T12:05:40Z dc.date.issued 2010 dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10062/15361 dc.description This master thesis concentrates on social representation of researchers and engineers among en youth. The author sought answers to questions how young people represent researchers and engineers, what are their attitudes towards these careers and what kind of discoursive schemas are constructing the attitudes. Also was author‘s goal to find possible explanations why young people are not very into being researchers or engineers, although as they think these careers are necessary and have great societal impact. The research is based on socialconstructivist paradigm, what defines reality to be socially constructed and also on theories of communication and social psychology concerning the empirical data collected. As the methodics of the thesis assumes that the text is viewed and analyzed in relation with it‘s wider social and societal context, there are also reviews of the most important empirical research of the context (values of Estonians, gender roles, estonian student‘s results in international education surveys and researchers imago in media) in the theoretic part of the thesis. Two focusgroup- interviews were conducted with 11 grade girls and boys (aged 17-18) in Pärnu Ühisgümnaasium. The research methodics for the transcriptions of the interviews was developed according to the research questions. The main methods were text- and discourse analysis. Analysis focuses on the vocabulary chosen by youth, assumptions hidden in the text and interpretative repertoire‘s. Main results are as follows. Young people concider researchers and engineers to be very clever and intelligent, really important for the society and they are represented as energetic actors, at the same time on the bases of individuals young people stigmatised them and emphasized their exeptionality. From the interpretative repertoire‘s of concerning the career choices generally it came out that the centered criteria in career choices is high personal interest and individualistic-discoursive choises are strongly connected with the social identities concidered to be „ normal“ . Representational to the vocabulary describing social roles of researchers and engineers was the look towards future, what refers to social distance of these roles from our every-day lives. The social representation of researchers and engineers is influenced from traditional gender roles – as stereotypes these careers are associated to male gender and women are represented as marginal and exceptional. In general, attitudes of the boys are somewhat more positive then the attitudes of the girls towards the careers of researchers and engineers. An important conclusion of my research concerning the definition of success only to be the top-position in the youths interpretative repertoires and widely spread gender-stereotypes, is that different aspects and multifacetedness of the researchers and engineers careeers is needed to be introduced to youth. Also it necessary to recontextualise young peoples concept of success linking it with using ones interests and abilitys, to bring down the stereotypes. dc.description.uri http://tartu.ester.ee/record=b2510260~S1*est dc.language.iso et et dc.publisher Tartu Ülikool et dc.subject magistritööd et dc.subject teadus et dc.subject tehnoloogia et dc.subject teadlased et dc.subject insenerid et dc.subject elukutsed et dc.subject noored et dc.subject sotsiaalne representatsioon et dc.subject Eesti et dc.title Teadlaste ja inseneride sotsiaalne representatsioon noorte hulgas et dc.type Thesis en
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