|dc.contributor.advisor||Ugur, Kadri, juhendaja||
|dc.contributor.other||Tartu Ülikool. Sotsiaalteaduskond||et
|dc.contributor.other||Tartu Ülikool. Ajakirjanduse ja kommunikatsiooni instituut||et
|dc.identifier||Kasterpalu, Kadri (2009) Psüühiliste kriisireaktsioonide ilmnemine meediakajastuses kolme traumaatilise sündmuse näitel: Pala, Kurkse, Ussisoo. Other thesis, Tartu Ülikool.||
|dc.description||The occurrence of psychic crisis reactions in media coverage, based on three traumatic
events: Pala, Kurkse, Ussisoo.
In my Bachelor‘s thesis I examined the media coverage of three traumatic events in order to
find psychic crisis reactions in the statements of information sources.
In case of Pala accident, a truck rammed a school bus on 11th October 1996. Five
girls and three boys at the age of 10 – 14 died, many were injured.
In case of Kurkse accident, 22 Estonian peacekeepers tried to cross the Kurkse
Strait on foot as part of the survival exercise „Tough life“. Fourteen soldiers at the age of
20 –27 years drowned on 11th September 1997.
In case of Ussisoo accident on 25th January 2009 a Peugeot coming from Tartu
collided with a Renault Laguna coming from Tallinn. Four people at the age of 13-20 years
The theoretical part of my Bachelor’s thesis pointed out the guidelines, basis and
principles proceeding from which journalists compile the news. It also explained the
influence that accidents, crises and catastrophes may have on those people who are to a
smaller or greater extent connected to the event. The theoretical part described and
explained the course of the crisis and the different reaction phases (shock phase, early
reaction phase, late reaction phase, post-traumatic stress disorder), the reactive psychosis
and the distinctive features of children’s crisis reactions.
In order to find the psychic crisis reactions in the media coverage of Pala, Kurkse
and Ussisoo accidents, I studied the media coverage of each accident within the period of
two weeks after the date of the accident. As a result of examining the newspapers
(excluding the online-media) I gathered my empirical data that consisted of 65 articles.
Empirical data was analyzed based on 13 categories and by using a quantitative
method as well as qualitative method.
Quantitative method enabled to analyze the appearing of different speakers in the
articles, variations in the different psychic crisis reactions that emerged in the articles etc.
The qualitative method enabled me to illustrate the aspects pointed out in the
theoretical part with examples from the texts and to emphasise the results of the
Based on my Bachelor’s thesis it was proven that accidents, crisis and catastrophes
have an impact not only on the people who were closely connected to the event but also on
the people that reflect the events. For a truthful media coverage it is important that the
journalists would know and feel how reflecting accidents, crises and catastrophes may
affect their mental state, thinking and feelings. They should have the knowledge of how to
take into account the possibility that the information sources may be suffering from
different psychic crisis reactions and how to analyze how these reactions may affect their
|dc.subject||H Social Sciences (General)||
|dc.title||Psüühiliste kriisireaktsioonide ilmnemine meediakajastuses kolme traumaatilise sündmuse näitel: Pala, Kurkse, Ussisoo||et