Stuudiointervjuu saates "Ringvaade". Teemad ja käsitlused.
Studiointerviews in TV programme Ringvaade. Subjects and Approaches. The main aim of this bachelor's thesis was to find out how does the usage of different subjects differ from each other in the Estonian programme Ringvaade. In this bachelor's thesis the interviews of Ringvaade that are analyzed, belong to the period of 8th November to 8th December 2010. During this period there were 23 broadcasts of Ringvaade on air. There are thirty subjects out of 55 being analyzed in this thesis. Ten subjects have «hard» news characteristics, ten have promotion in them and ten of them have the characteristics of a «soft» news. To find out if usage of these subjects have any similarities or difference Entman's four framing functions and Hennoste journalism handbook were used in the analyze part. It turned out that the usage of the thirty subjects did not differ from each other much. Almost all of the subjects were presented by emphasizing on the «soft» news criteria. When emphasizing on «soft» news characteristics many ethical boundaries (created to restrain journalism in Estonia) were transgressed. When talking about «hard» news interviews, then two subjects out of ten were being discussed properly by staying within ethical bounds. Eight subjects emphasized on entertainment aspects, these are on the criteria of a «soft» news (for example sensation, scandal, private life etc). Promotion and «soft» news interviews did also emphasize on «soft» news characteristics. The interviewers emphasized on the «soft» characteristics to capture viewers. By doing that they brought out some sides of the subjects that they did not explain later on. It did not become clear why some «soft» and promotional subjects were selected in the show, because no newsworthiness was detected. Infotainment bears the idea that information is being mixed with entertainment and that a «hard» news is being mixed with a «soft» news criteria, so that people would stay in front of the television because if some news item requires too much attention then people tend to look for something that needs less being focused on. (McManus 1994: 170-171) By viewing the results, it turns out that interviewers emphasize on discussing the conflict or bringing out the conflict in «soft» or promotional subjects, not trying to find out solutions or the conflict effects in the future. Interviewers define the conflict or the subject in the beginning of the interview. When reaching the end of the interview, the interviewers may not have the same focus with what they started off. Interviewers emphasize on the emotions when they define the subject. To alert human attention «soft» news criteria are being added to hard news subjects and while talking about «soft» or promotional news, then «soft» news characteristics are been emphasized on. The author suggested in the beginning of this thesis the idea, that interviewers may add entertainment frame when talking about all the subjects selected in this thesis. By looking at the analyze part of this thesis the author thinks that this hypothesis was correct and entertainment is being used despite the severity of the subjects.
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