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dc.contributor.advisorJakapi, Roomet, juhendajaet
dc.contributor.authorSuur, Tiina
dc.contributor.otherTartu Ülikool. Humanitaarteaduste ja kunstide valdkondet
dc.contributor.otherTartu Ülikool. Filosoofia osakondet
dc.date.accessioned2018-06-19T11:41:16Z
dc.date.available2018-06-19T11:41:16Z
dc.date.issued2018
dc.identifier.other20.03.02 SUU 01
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10062/60830
dc.descriptionKäesoleva lõputöö eesmärgiks oli selgitada välja, kas ja kui palju on võimalik tuvastada ateismi 17. sajandi filosoofi Thomas Hobbesi teostes ning teooriates. Selle eesmärgi saavutamiseks andsin esmalt sissejuhatava ülevaate tema elust, et oleks kergem mõista, mis taustal ta oma mõtted on kujundanud. Seejärel käsitlesin kolme olulist teemat tema filosoofias. Nendeks on materialism, riigikäsitlus ning surmajärgse elu teooria. Esmalt andsin ülevaate kõigist kolmest, mida need täpsemalt tähendavad ning endast kujutavad, seejärel tõin välja kitsaskohad või segaseks jäänud punktid, mis võivad viidata Hobbesi võimalikule ateismile ning muud asjaolud, nagu näiteks vastuolu tema materialistliku maailmapildi ning Jumala olemasolu põhjenduse vahel. Viimasena esitasin järeldused, mis tulenesid eelpool mainitud kolme teema lahkamisel. Jõudsin seisukohale, et kuigi Hobbesi peeti tema enda ajastul ateistiks, oleks ta tänapäeval pigem deist, kuna ateistina defineerisin inimest, kes eitab Jumala olemasolu. Seda Hobbes ei teinud, vastupidi, tema ütles, et Jumal on olemas, ta lihtsalt ei sekku maailma kulgu ega inimeste ellu. Lisaks järeldasin, et ateistiks peeti teda seetõttu, et tema arusaam Jumalast ei läinud kokku valitseva kristliku õpetusega ning et segaseks jäänud kohad tema teooriates tulenesid sellest, et ühiskonna surve tõttu ei saanud ta kirjutada ilma Jumalat käsitlemata, see tähendab, et midagi pidi ta Jumala kohta ütlema, isegi, kui see ei läinud väga hästi kokku näiteks tema materialistliku maailmavaatega. Oluline on ka märkida, et Hobbesi kohta ei saa kindlasõnaliselt öelda, et ta on ateist või deist, sest eri sajanditel on olnud erinevad arusaamad nendest mõistetest. Ühe või teisena saabki teda käsitleda vaid selles konkreetses ajajärgus.et
dc.description.abstractThe purpose of my thesis is to find out whether there is any atheism in the philosophy of 17th century thinker Thomas Hobbes. To start with, I gave an introductory overview of Hobbes's life so it would be easier to understand what is the background he is coming from. Then I discussed three main subjects that are important in his philosophy: materialism, political philosophy about government, and theory of life after death. Firstly I made it clear what these three subjects are, secondly I brought forth his ideas that weren't presented clearly enough within these three topics that could indicate his possible atheism. For example Hobbes being a materialist and his reasoning about the existence of God. Lastly I presented the conclusions that I made relying on the analysis of these three subjects. I inferred that even though Hobbes was considered to be an atheist during his lifetime, nowadays he would rather be thought of as a deist and that because of the definition I gave for an atheist – atheist is a person who denies the existence of God. Hobbes did not deny it, quite the opposite, he said that God does exist but he doesn't intervene in people's lives. I also concluded that Hobbes was considered to be an atheist because his understandings of God did not match with the Christian understanding of God which was the dominant way of thinking back in the 17th century. In addition I added that the confusion in some places in his theories came from the pressure of the society. What is meant is that taking into account the dominant Christian way of thinking it was almost impossible to write any philosophy without considering God, that means that Hobbes had to say something about God even if it was not in consistency with his understandings of the world, for example his materialism. It is also important to understand that it can't be said with confidence that Hobbes was an atheist or a deist because in different centuries there have been different understandings of these concepts. He can be thought of as an atheist or as a deist only in the corresponding era.en
dc.description.urihttp://www.ester.ee/record=b5143581*estet
dc.language.isoestet
dc.publisherTartu Ülikoolet
dc.rightsopenAccesset
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Estonia*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/ee/*
dc.subjectatheismen
dc.subjecthistory of philosophyen
dc.subject.otherbakalaureusetöödet
dc.subject.otherHobbes, Thomas, 1588-1679et
dc.subject.otherfilosoofia ajaluguet
dc.subject.otherateismet
dc.titleAteism Thomas Hobbesi filosoofiaset
dc.title.alternativeAtheism in Thomas Hobbes's Philosophyen
dc.typeThesiset


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