A framework for including enhanced exposure to naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM) in LCA
Joyce, Peter James
Tkaczyk, Alan Henry
MetadataShow full item record
Despite advances in the development of impact categories for ionising radiation, the focus on artificial radionuclides produced in the nuclear fuel cycle means that the potential impacts resulting from increased exposure to naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM) are still only covered to a limited degree in life cycle assessment (LCA). Here, we present a potential framework for the inclusion of the exposure routes and impact pathways particular to NORM in LCA.