Internet voting for open government: what, why, and how to introduce it in European countries



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Many countries on the European continent have already established solid national procedures ensuring transparency, participation, and accountability. However, these can be further strengthened by applying the open government approach with a special emphasis on innovative and digital technologies. Amongst these processes, internet voting (i-voting) stands out as being capable of empowering people with more feasible direct participation in policy making. This paper refers to the concepts and models of open government and i-voting, provides examples, outlines preconditions, discusses risks, and offers recommendations for introducing i-voting, especially at the national level. It is intended as an inspirational paper for advancing open government and i-voting.


This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme. Comprehending Internet Voting Impact on Open Government: An International Comparative Study (CIVICS), grant No 101038044.


Internet voting, Open government