GrapheneCore3 - Graphene Flagship Core Project 3

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The main aim of the Graphene Flagship is to bring graphene and related materials from the lab to the market and help generate economic growth, new jobs and new opportunities in Europe. Graphene Core3 is the third core project of the Graphene Flagship and is characterized by a continued transition towards higher technology readiness levels, while keeping a strong component of fundamental research. Made from a layer of carbon one-atom thick, graphene will bring a new dimension to all future technology – including faster, thinner, stronger, flexible electronics and a revolution in the speed of broadband networks.


Recent Submissions

Now showing 1 - 2 of 2
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    Metal Oxide Nanolayer-Decorated Epitaxial Graphene: A Gas Sensor Study
    (MDPI, 2020) Rodner, Marius; Icardi, Adam; Kodu, Margus; Jaaniso, Raivo; Schütze, Andreas; Eriksson, Jens
    In this manuscript, we explore the sensor properties of epitaxially grown graphene on silicon carbide decorated with nanolayers of CuO, Fe3O4, V2O5, or ZrO2. The sensor devices were investigated in regard to their response towards NH3 as a typical reducing gas and CO, C6H6, CH2O, and NO2 as gases of interest for air quality monitoring. Moreover, the impact of operating temperature, relative humidity, and additional UV irradiation as changes in the sensing environment have been explored towards their impact on sensing properties. Finally, a cross-laboratory study is presented, supporting stable sensor responses, and the final data is merged into a simplified sensor array. This study shows that sensors can be tailored not only by using different materials but also by applying different working conditions, according to the requirements of certain applications. Lastly, a combination of several different sensors into a sensor array leads to a well-performing sensor system that, with further development, could be suitable for several applications where there is no solution on the market today.
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    Semiquantitative Classification of Two Oxidizing Gases with Graphene-Based Gas Sensors
    (MDPI, 2022) Lind, Martin; Kiisk, Valter; Kodu, Margus; Kahro, Tauno; Renge, Indrek; Avarmaa, Tea; Makaram, Prashanth; Zurutuza, Amaia; Jaaniso, Raivo
    Miniature and low-power gas sensing elements are urgently needed for a portable electronic nose, especially for outdoor pollution monitoring. Hereby we prepared chemiresistive sensors based on wide-area graphene (grown by chemical vapor deposition) placed on Si/Si3N4 substrates with interdigitated electrodes and built-in microheaters. Graphene of each sensor was individually functionalized with ultrathin oxide coating (CuO-MnO2, In2O3 or Sc2O3) by pulsed laser deposition. Over the course of 72 h, the heated sensors were exposed to randomly generated concentration cycles of 30 ppb NO2, 30 ppb O3, 60 ppb NO2, 60 ppb O3 and 30 ppb NO2 + 30 ppb O3 in synthetic air (21% O2, 50% relative humidity). While O3 completely dominated the response of sensors with CuO-MnO2 coating, the other sensors had comparable sensitivity to NO2 as well. Various response features (amplitude, response rate, and recovery rate) were considered as machine learning inputs. Using just the response amplitudes of two complementary sensors allowed us to distinguish these five gas environments with an accuracy of ~ 85%. Misclassification was mostly due to an overlap in the case of the 30 ppb O3, and 30 ppb O3 + 30 ppb NO2 responses, and was largely caused by the temporal drift of these responses. The addition of recovery rates to machine learning input variables enabled us to very clearly distinguish different gases and increase the overall accuracy to ~94%.