Õppekomplekt kriitilise lugemise kui ühe meediapädevuse aspekti arendamiseks vene gümnaasiumite õpilastele



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Tartu Ülikool


The purpose of this bachelor paper is to test a study set consisting of exercises that would develop the skill of a critical reading in the schools in order to get a feedback from students and teachers and then to improve it. A study set consists of five exercises which develop these skills such as a detailed media texts’ reading, analysis of structure and content of media texts, evaluation of reliability of media texts, and analysis of factors that influence the reception of media texts. Exercises were conducted at two Russian schools with students from grades 10 and 11. During the exercise procedure a method of participant observation was applied. Also, two interviews were conducted with the focus groups. The purpose of the first interview was to gather information about students’ background of media use and knowledge about the critical reading. The second interview was carried out at the last meeting in order to obtain feedback from students about exercises and to examine whether their knowledge of critical reading skills improved or changed. The study revealed that those students who did not know at the beginning the meaning of critical reading, were able to provide a definition of the term later. Those who knew the meaning, reported more critical and complemented understanding of critical reading. After comprehension of the concept of critical reading, the students started to use words like reliablity assessment, texts comparison, tracking mistakes, and text analysis. In addition, a teacher of Estonian language (as a foreign language) provided a written feedback, in which she stated that media texts could be used frequently in Estonian classes, since media texts contain everyday language that is crucial in practice, and a teacher of media analyzed the exercises in details during an interview. The teacher of media proposed to create an assessment system for the exercises of the study set, to provide a clearer description of the applications of the study set in a classroom for the teachers, and to add some changes in the working sheets. Taking into account all the comments that were made during the course of participant observation and interviews, this bachelor paper offers a renewed study set, more informative and convenient to use for teachers and students.