Looduskasvatus lasteaias Viimsi lasteaia näitel



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Tartu Ülikool



Nature education holds an important position in children’s study process. Since, as a rule, nowadays people’s relationship with nature is decreasing more and more, it is important to observe what to teach children and how to do this. The purpose of this paper is to research nature education on the example of Viimsi kindergarten. This is an analysis of an individual case, based on which no general conclusions can be drawn. At the same time, knowledge gained from this paper can be used for the elaboration of the topic. The paper consists of a theoretical and an empirical part where I first analysed the curricula and different projects for progressing the studies. I then surveyed different possibilities of teaching children as well as discourse analysis and aspects of developmental psychology. The methods consisted of an interview with the teacher and observing a nature lesson both indoors and outdoors; conducting a drawing assignment for the children together with an interview with the children and a light discourse analysis of the books used for teaching. Since direct experience of nature is waning, mediated experience plays a very important part. This is passed on by the teacher, the parents, books as well as the rest of the media. The children must be given an image and understanding of nature as close to actual nature as possible. As said the esteemed Estonian pedagogue Johannes Käis, the task of nature education is not merely knowledge of the subject but also the development of all intellectual abilities and higher values. Nature education therefore has an important part in the further development of children’s values. Since the behaviour of all people is mediated, we gain the remaining by experience. The experience of social learning is also very important, and this is something that children receive to am large extent as they go to kindergarten, which was also something I treated in this paper.


H Social Sciences (General)