Physical activity and motor skill development in children

dc.contributor.authorPäll, Peep
dc.date.accessioned2009-09-15T08:35:22Z
dc.date.available2009-09-15T08:35:22Z
dc.date.issued2009-09-15T08:35:22Z
dc.description.abstractAppropriate physical activity in children and adolescents is widely accepted as beneficial for health and physical activity in adulthood. In the present dissertation a complex approach in the assessment of children’s physical activity and fundamental motor skills was applied. A total of 194 children from 7 to 11 years of age participated in this study. Children’s physical activity was measured using parental recall, systematic observation, motion sensors and heart rate monitoring. Overhand throwing and standing long jump were performed in field conditions as an indicator of fundamental motor skill development. The results revealed that the moderate-to-vigorous physical activity levels of the boys were significantly higher than that of the girls in all age groups. In addition, physical activity of rural schoolchildren was higher compared with urban children. The mean heart rate during intensified elementary school classes was 157 beats per minute. Finally, developmental level of fundamental motor skills was related to skill-specific outside-school physical activity but not to general level of physical activity. Our results demonstrate for the need of interventions to promote habitual physical activity of schoolchildren.Laste ja noorukite kehaline aktiivsus on oluliseks teguriks tervisliku eluviisi omandamisel kasvueas ning selle säilitamisel täiskasvanuna. Käesolevas väitekirjas on kehalise aktiivsuse temaatikale lähenetud kompleksselt, hinnates laste kehalist aktiivsust vabal ajal ja kehalise kasvatuse tundides ning selgitades välja kehalise aktiivsuse seosed põhiliigutusvilumuste omandamisega. Uuringus osales kokku 194 7-11-aastast kooliõpilast, kelle kehalist aktiivsust hinnati lapsevanemate raporti, süstemaatilise vaatluse, liikumissensori ja pulsitestri abil. Lisaks mõõdeti laste põhiliigutusvilumuste arengut. Tulemused näitavad, et poisid on kehaliselt aktiivsemad kui tüdrukud, samuti on maapiirkondades elavate laste kehaline aktiivsus suurem kui linna lastel. Intensiivistatud algklasside kehalise kasvatuse tundides saavutati sellisel tasemel laste kaasahaaratus, mille tulemusena nende keskmine südame löögisagedus tundides tõusis 157 löögini minutis. Lisaks selgus, et põhiliigutusvilumuste väljakujunemine on seotud vilumuste spetsiifilise, mitte aga laste üldise kehalise aktiivsusega. Saadud tulemused võimaldavad välja töötada sekkumisprogramme, mille eesmärgiks on kehalise inaktiivsuse vähendamine ja selle kaudu laste tervise edendamine.et
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10062/10872
dc.language.isoenet
dc.subject.otherdissertatsioonidet
dc.subject.otherETDen
dc.subject.otherdissertationen
dc.subject.otherväitekiriet
dc.titlePhysical activity and motor skill development in childrenet
dc.title.alternativeKehaline aktiivsus ja liigutusvilumuste väljakujunemine lastelet
dc.typeThesiset

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