1990. aastate alguses Soome emigreerunud Eesti naised: kultuuriline kohanemine ja barjäärid



Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title


Tartu Ülikool



The aim of the Bachelor thesis “Cultural adaption and barriers based on Estonian women emigration to Finland in the beginning of 90ies” is to study differest phases of the cultural adaption and to find out if there were any barriers distinguished during the adaption. To study the topic I conducted interviews with 8 women during the period march – april 2010 and collected material enabled to find the answers to the main questions of the thesis. The empirical part of the study showed that although Soviet Estonia was closed to the western world, it was common that Estonians had contacts with the people from different countries and the intercultural communication was highly esteemed and practiced. Contacts were actively arranged and although interviewees don`t mention that the movement abroad was planned they don`t deny it as well. All interviewees were opened to the new culture and adaption and it was shown by learning the native language fast and wish to be as similar to the Finnish nation as possible. Additionally Estonians were open-minded and positively disposed to the Finns although the stereotypes and the contacts through media hadn`t been quite positive since emigration. The research showed that very important role in adaption was on social and political events which took place in Estonia in the beginning of 90ies. Partly the emigratioin to Finland can be handled as the possibility to ”run away” from the social changes in Estonia. As the adaption period in Finland is now conquered Estionians have quite critical views to Estonian life and Estonians nowadays. The main barriers in the adaption were based on different value judgements which were common in Estonia and Finland during the period of emigration. Estonians felt mainly differences in commonly accepted value judgments. There were collective values appreciated in Estonia based on the Soviet polity in the 90ies. On the contrary there was very individualistic polity in the Finland during that time which was characterized by superficiality in social relations and high formality. To exceed the barrier of different value judgments Estonians have accepted the Finland highly individualistic society but they feel more common values with Russians and other foreigners in Finland.


bakalaureusetööd, kultuuridevaheline kommunikatsioon, väljaränne, kohanemisraskused, kultuuriline identiteet, eestlased, naised, Soome, 1990-ndad