|dc.contributor.advisor||Keller, Margit, juhendaja||
|dc.identifier||Jaaska, Urmo (2006) Eesti laste käsitlused reklaamist reklaamveebi näitel. Other thesis, Tartu Ülikool.||
|dc.description||In the modern society of market economy children become earlier the consumers who
make their own purchase decisions. It is caused by increasing financial independence
of children and by the expansion of marketing aimed at children. Estonian consumer
society has evolved differentially from the western societies (Keller 2004) and that is
why marketing activities aimed at Estonian children are still expanding. However, the
tendency seems to follow the model of modern consumer societies.
Advertising is an important link between products and consumption. Advertising
informs people on what is available for purchase, but in addition to that commercials
transmit values that one could communicate about him/herself by consuming certain
products. In consumer societies buying products has become an important part of
constructing one’s identity. Children differ from adults by their ability to think and
that is why they understand commercials differently and their attitude towards
advertising is different. Internet as a medium is becoming more essential in people’s
(and also children’s) everyday life and for that reason the focus of this BA thesis
(titled “Estonian children’s approaches towards advertising based on commercial
websites”) is on children’s approaches to advertising based on commercial websites.
Such combined approach enables to study the increasing role of Internet advertising in
the lives of children and examine children’s comprehension of advertising in a
broader sense. The objective of this paper is to examine what kind of consumers
Estonian children are considering the Estonian context and how they understand the
nature of advertising.
The empirical part of my work consists of conclusions made on analysis of in-depth
interviews with 14 children. 7 of the interviewees were 7-8 years old and the other
half was 12-13 years old. The in-depth interviews have been analyzed using the
methods of cross-case and case-by-case analysis.
The first principal research question focuses on Internet advertising. From the results
it can be concluded that respondents, in spite of their age, can discern Internet
commercials from other content on the condition that advertising is distinctly
outlined. Hidden marketing techniques rest unnoticeable. Younger respondents discern Internet commercials based on their physical attributes, older ones define
commercials by their essential qualities. Children’s attitude towards Internet
advertising is rather neutral, probably due to the relative modesty of the latter (i.e.
compared with television advertising). It is apparently due to the prior that children
themselves don’t feel affected by Internet advertising.
The second principal research question focuses on children’s comprehension of
advertising and on the connections between advertising and consumption. Similarly to
Internet advertising younger respondents discern advertising by the physical attributes
of commercials, whereas older respondents do it using essential qualities. Younger
respondents’ attitude towards advertising is more positive, while older respondents
expressed more negative attitude. The analysis of answers reveals that respondents’
attitude overall are rather positive and negative attitudes concern certain commercials
on emotional level. Most of the respondents find that commercials tend to lie.
Younger respondents thought so due to personal experiences, older ones based their
opinion on rational and logical discussion.
Respondents did not see an effect of advertising on their purchase decisions.
Analyzing the responses it can be nevertheless concluded that advertising affects their
consumer behavior more than they realize. Respondents think that the main purpose
of advertising is informing and clear comprehension of persuasive intent can be
noticed only among older respondents. For that reason they are unable to use
cognitive defense against the influence of advertising which makes them more
susceptive to advertising (Brucks et al. 1988). Although children claim that the role of
things is not an important part of one’s identity, they understand the symbolic value of
products (especially older respondents) and at least partially things are a way to rate
The topic needs certainly further research. First of all it is important to focus on
children’s perceptions of the values transmitted by commercials and study the role of
advertising as a mediator of the symbolic values of products. Connections between
families’ financial situation and children’s attitudes to consumption also deserve
|dc.subject||H Social Sciences (General)||
|dc.title||Eesti laste käsitlused reklaamist reklaamveebi näitel||