Eesti üldhariduskoolide õpetajate valmidus meedia õpetamiseks läbiva teemana



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In February 2002, The National Secondary Education Curriculum was adopted by the Estonian Government, which declares media education as one of the disciplines implemented in the cross-curricular principle, starting from this year. The aim of the present Master Thesis is to find out the readiness of Estonian teachers to implement media education across the curriculum. The theoretical view-point, implemented in the Thesis, is the critical-constructivist approach to media education. The aim of the mentioned approach is to teach media, promoting methods of active learning in order to develop critical media literacy of the students. Critical media literacy contains raising motivated and competent members of citizen society, besides developing criticism and awareness towards information presented by media, as well as finding information in the media channels and using data to achieve one‘s aims. In order to find out the readiness of media teachers, the criteria of media teaching by Sirkku Kotilainen were taken as the basis; the questions of the Master Thesis developed from them. The readiness of media teachers was researched in the Thesis by the formal questionnaire, 252 teachers from different regions of Estonia took part of it. The other method used was semistructured qualitative in-depth interviews with 20 teachers of general education schools. As the result, it is concluded in the Thesis that teachers in Estonian general education schools are not ready to teach media. The preconditions for teaching media, media usage of the teachers and notion of media usage and media literacy of the pupils, are fulfilled. Approximately half of the teachers are well enough aware of the need and opportunities of teaching media in order to do so, they are ready to use active constructivist teaching methods and assess their readiness to teach media adequatly. The biggest obstacle is the insufficient media literacy of the teachers. Taking into account poor preparation of the teachers, it is clear that the media education cannot be implemented as an across-curriculum discipline without developing co-operation of teachers, pupils, parents and media experts. Advanced training courses must be developed for the teachers, support persons and educational materials must be available.


H Social Sciences (General), magistritööd, üldhariduskoolid, õpetajad, kutseoskused, kompetentsus, meediaõpetus, meediakasutus, meediauuringud, küsitlusuuringud, Eesti