Immigratsiooni ja paremäärmusluse seosed Taanis ja Rootsis



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Tartu Ülikool


Last two decades, the political situation in Northern countries, has started to change. Scandinavian countries who liked left-wing politics, is now starting to choose right-wing politics. And strongly has entered radical right parties in the Scandinavian parliaments. Last elections (2010) in Sweden radical right party Sweden Democrats collect 5,7% from all votes and entered to the Parliament. Last time, it has happened, time when some radical right party entered in Swedish parliament was almost 20 years ago. In Denmark radical right party is on Parliament already 14 years and holds to them quite strong position. Radical right parties with their political program and statements are against many different things but surely they impose against increasing immigration. My first purpose was to find out the role of immigration in the popularity rise of radical right parties in Denmark and Sweden as well as to find connections between immigrationpolitics and changes of the political landscapes - how immigration reflects among on the representative bodies. Secondly I wanted to find out how Denmark and Sweden immigration politics have been changed during last few decades; was immigration character changing it and are there any connections between immigration and changes in the political landscape of these countries. Denmark and Sweden are historically homogeneous nation-states countries. But as the world globalization is increasing trend in many different aspects ( e.g. economic, political, cultural), the movement of labour and population increases the migration, which at changes traditionally homogeneous societies more multicultural. Between people from different countries with different cultural background the conflicts could easily arise. In Sweden immigrants from Finland don´t cause problems to the native population, but immigrants from the Middle East or Balkan countries are causing different social problems. In addition, the working culture and working skills are also different according to the destination countries. Immigrants without qualification and language skills are in difficulties to enter the labour-market of the countries and to earn their income, which will cause an additional weigh on the social systems of the destination countries. . Denmark and Sweden have very similar political system, culture and long-term history. In my paper, I examined the immigration policy in Denmark and Sweden and discovered that the immigration policy in Denmark and Sweden is rather different. The Denmark immigration policy is quite demanding . Danish immigration policy is aiming to integrate foreigners into the labour-market and society of Denmark and prefers to deal with the immigrants who already are living in Denmark rather than take many new immigrants. Sweden immigration policy is more opened and generous . They accept every immigrant from war areas or people who suffer under politicalpersecution. Sweden immigration policy has an easy naturalization policy in contrast to the Danish immigration policy. Sweden society doesen’t impose to be a homogeneous country. Denmark people do. The difference is in the societies of these two countries and in the way , how people think and see their goals. Swedish people are like more altruistic and probably want to offer the other people same opportunities that they have. Danish people want to live firmly, without any conflicts. They want to enjoy their own achievements and they don’t want that others are taking advantage of this.