Koolikeskkonna mõju õpilase enesekohastele hoiakutele. Teadus-, eliit- ja tavakooli õpilaste enesetõhususe ja enesehinnangu võrdlus
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The main aim of this study was to find out if it is possible to discover big-fish-little-pond (BFLP) effect about the students’ general and academic self-esteem and self-efficacy beliefs without comparing students on their academic performance. I compared students who study in academically selective highschools, non-selective highschools and who attend Tartu University’s Scienceschool (Tartu Ülikooli Teaduskool). Also I paid attention to gender differences in self-cognitions and in BFLP. The questionnaire was presented to students in an electronic form through the TÜPH. Self-cognitions where measured with the Estonian version of Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale (Pullmann & Allik, 2000), academic self-efficacy (Üpraus, 2009) and perceived self-efficacy scale (Rimm & Jerusalem, 1988). The results showed that the scienceschool students had on average the highest self-image and academically selective school students the lowest. In the case of selective and non-selective schools the BFLP effect was evident for general self-efficacy and self-esteem. Possible reasons for the results are discussed and also the possibilities for further research.