Lühinägelikkusega seotud isiksuse stereotüübid ja isiksuse omadused
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The main aim of investigation is to determine whether a link exists between personality traits and short-sightedness Another investigation question was whether the stereotypes correspond to the actual short-sighted people's traits. Twenty-eight of the Estonians and 40 Russians, who live in Estonia, have assessed the personality of the typical short-sighted people using the questionnaire, that consist of 30 scalas NCS (National Character Survey) (Terracciano et al., 2005). For comparison were used in the Estonian Genome Project of the University of Tartu gathered personal datas: 1731 the genes donor have fulfilled Estonian language version of the NEO-PI-3 questionnaire (McCrae, Costa, & Martin, 2005) to characterize themselves, among them were 467 people who had a diagnosis of the nearsightedness (H52.1). The study showed that Estonians and Russians in the opinion of short-sighted person's traits are quite similar. The correlation was .72 (p <.0001). Estonians describe the typical short-sighted people, much like how they describe themselves. The correlation is very high (r = .79, p <.0001). Quite similar is the situation with the Russians. Correlation between the Russians` assessments of themselves and of the typical short-sighted were also highly correlated (r = .68, p <.0001). The fact that the correlation is slightly lower than Estonians are well explained by the fact that self-assessments have not been received from the Russians living in Estonia, but from Russian, who live in Russia. Surprising result is that the stereotypical images of short-sighted people do not leverage these personality characteristics, which are different short-sighted people and normal-sighted people, but turn them around. The actual differences are pushed down and amplified these, that actually are not different short-sighted people and people with normal eyesight.